Report of Botanical Survey & Compartment Species List’s

Posted In: FSC | News | The Garden |

of The Wakes. Selborne

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Butterfly Orchid in the Wakes Park

S. M. Povey
&
A. M.. James

July 2013

Report of Botanical Survey of The Wakes. Selborne & Species List. 2013

The Survey
This Botanical Survey was carried out over three 3 hour periods, which took place on 20th. May, 10th. June and the 17th. June 2013.
The Survey was carried out by Steve Povey with the assistance of Tony James.

The aim of the Survey was to cover all areas of managed-grassland within the boundaries of the Stewardship Scheme and also any other manageable areas that contained species of note. And to record all identifiable species of vascular plants, both native and non-native. For ease of recording some of the numbered compartments were combined. These combined compartment numbers are clearly seen at the head of each Compartment Species List. Compartment numbers follow the numbering system as shown on the attached Recording Compartments Map.

The Site.
I have known this site for well over 40 years. The main areas of Park and Garden have in the past always been ‘species poor’. Having not visited the Wakes for ten years I was not expecting much in the way of change, i.e. a noticeable rise in the number of species compared to those noticed during my many previous visits.

From the first visit it was very obvious that great changes have been made. The main areas of managed grassland particularly had gone from species-poor, ‘Improved’, to ‘Semi-improved’ and in many areas on towards ‘Species-rich’.

 

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The Wakes Park. June. 2013

What was particularly noticeable was the great amount of Yellow Rattle – Rhinanthus minor in Compartments RC13, RC14, RC15, and RC19 which comprises the majority of the Wakes Park. The effect of this hemi-parasitic Yellow Rattle on the grass species is very noticeable. Thinning the grass and allowing many of the more desirable species to colonise large areas of the Wakes Park.
Yellow Rattle seed could be collected and distributed to areas where this species is lacking.

In my opinion the steady move towards an area of ‘Species-rich’ grassland is inevitable, as long as a similar management regime that has been practised over recent years continues.

Notable Species.
Particularly exciting was the discovery of six species of Orchids in the main areas of managed grassland. Notable were 260 plants of White Helleborine – Cephalanthera damasonium

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White Helleborines

Also found, in two separate places in the Park, were Greater Butterfly Orchids – Platanthera chlorantha, totalling four plants.

 

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Greater Butterfly Orchids in the Wakes Park.

A single plant of the very local orchid species, Chalk Fragrant Orchid – Gymnadenia conopsea, and a single Bee Orchid – Ophrys apifera were also found.

In the Wakes Park we found good numbers of Common Spotted Orchids – Dactylorhiza fuchsii.
A great many Common Twayblade – Listera ovata were also recorded, particularly in Compartment RC4 – ‘Orchard and Orchard Walk’. The presence of these six different orchid species growing in the same area is particularly significant, as today one would only expects to see such species together in a managed Nature Reserve.
In the wooded areas there grow various species of Arum.
Arum maculatum is the common species, but growing with it are a several plants of the rare
Large Lords and Ladies – Arum italicum ssp. neglectum, which is probably as common around Selborne as anywhere in the Country.

There are also one or two plants of the ornamental Arum – A. italicum ssp. italicum. This has recently escaped from nearby gardens.

During this Survey two plants of a hybrid between two of the above species were recorded. Namely that between Arum maculatum and Arum italicum ssp. italicum below.

 

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The very rare hybrid Arum maculatum x Arum italicum ssp. italicum.

This is one of only a very few records of this hybrid ever recorded in Britain.

In all, a wide, rich and diverse flora was found within the various compartments at the Wakes.
Very few ‘undesirable’ species were found, and those that were are unlikely to present a problem.
I feel certain that the species list will be added to as the various habitats continue to become more suitable for desirable species, along with an ever-increasing invertebrate fauna.

************
I would like to thank those members of the Wakes staff who assisted during our visits.

S.M.Povey.
Member of the Botanical Society of the British Isles. June. 2013.

Compartments:

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Compartment Species List’s

Please note that the rare arum and orchids have been removed from these lists to prevent the discovery of their precise location (since they are best preserved by not being visited!)

Key:

C = Common.
F = Frequent.
O = Occasional.
R = Rare.
RC4+7
Common Name Scientific Name Status

Beaked Hawk’s-beard Crepis vesicaria F
Bugle Ajuga reptans O
Cleavers Galium aparine O
Common Knapweed Centaurea nigra F
Common Mouse-ear Cerastium fontanum O
Common Nettle Urtica dioica O
Common Sorrel Rumex acetosa O
Common Vetch Vicia sativa F
Cow Parsley Anthriscus sylvestris F
Cowslip Primula veris F
Creeping Buttercup Ranunculus repens O
Creeping Thistle Cirsium arvense O
Crow Garlic Allium vineale O
Cuckoo Flower Cardamine pratensis F
Cut-leaved Cranesbill Geranium dissectum F
Daisy Bellis perennis O
Dandelion Taraxacum agg. O
Dog Rose Rosa canina agg. O
False Oat Grass Arrhenatherum elatius F
Germander Speedwell Veronica chamaedrys F
Elder Sambucus nigra O
Ground Ivy Glechoma hederecea O
Hedge Woundwort Stachys sylvatica O
Hogweed Heracleum sphondylium F
Lords and Ladies Arum maculatum O
Lesser Burdock Arctium minus O
Red Campion Silene dioica O
Red Clover Trifolium pratense F
Ribwort Plantain Plantago lanceolata F
Slender Speedwell Veronica filiformis O
Soft Brome Bromus hordeaceus O
Garlic Mustard Alliaria petiolata O
Twayblade Listera ovata F
White Dead-nettle Lamium album O
Wild Clematis Clematis vitalba O
White Clover Trifolium repens O
Wood Dock Rumex sanguineus ssp viridis O
Yellow Rattle Rhinanthus minor F
Yorkshire-fog Holcus lanatus O
Herb Bennet/Wood Avens Geum urbanum O
Honeysuckle Lonicera periclymenum O
Herb Robert Geranium robertianum O
Crested Dogs-tail Grass Cynosurus cristatus O
Smooth Meadow Grass Poa pratensis O
Tall Fescue Festuca arundinacea O
RedFescue Festuca rubra F
RC12
Common Name Scientific Name Status

Abraham, Issac and Joseph Trachystemon orientalis F
Ash Fraxinus excelsior F
Beech Fagus sylvatica F
Bluebell Hyacinthoides non-scripta O
Bramble Rubus fruticosa agg. F
Cleavers Galium aparine O
Common Ivy Hedera helix F
Common Nettle Urtica dioica F
Dog’s Mercury Mercurialis perennis F
False Brome Brachypodium sylvaticum O
Field Maple Acer campestris O
Field Rose Rosa canina agg. O
Hawthorn Crataegus monogyna O
Hazel Corylus avellana F
Holly Ilex aquifolium F
Hybrid Bluebell Hyacinthoides x massartiana O
Lords and Ladies Arum maculatum F
Large Lords and Ladies Arum italicum ssp. neglectum F
Italian Lords and Ladies Arum italicum ssp italicum R
Male Fern Dryopteris filix-mas O
Sycamore Acer pseudoplatanus F
Wood Dock Rumex sanguineus var. viridis F
Yew Taxus baccata O
English Elm Ulmus procera F
Snowberry Symphoricarpos albus F
Butcher’s Broom Ruscus aculeatus R
Sweet Woodruff Galium odorata F
Martagon Lily Lilium martagon R
Wild Gooseberry Ribes uva-crispa O
Wild Privet Ligustrum vulgare O
Cherry Laurel Prunus laurocerasus O
Daffodil Narcissus agg. O
Wood Anemone Anemone nemorosa O
Broad Buckler Fern Dryopteris dilatata O
Hart’s-tongue Fern Asplenium scolopendrium O

RC13
Common Name Scientific Name Status

Beech Fagus sylvatica O
Bramble Rubus fruticosus agg. O
Broad Dock Rumex obtusifolius O
Bugle Ajuga reptans O
Bulbous Buttercup Ranunculus bulbosus F
Cleavers Galium aparine O
Common Bent Grass Agrostis capillaris O
Common Ivy Hedera helix O
Common Knapweed Centaurea nigra F
Common Lime Tilia × europaea O
Common Mouse-ear Cerastium fontanum F
Common Nettle Urtica dioica O
Common Vetch Vicia sativa F
Cow Parsley Anthriscus sylvestris O
Cowslip Primula veris F
Creeping Buttercup Ranunculus repens O
Creeping Thistle Cirsium arvense O
Crow Garlic Allium vineale O
Cuckoo Flower Cardamine pratensis O
Curled Dock Rumex crispus O
Daisy Bellis perennis O
Dandelion Taraxacum agg. F
Dog Rose Rosa canina agg. O
Dog’s Mercury Mercurialis perennis O
Elder Sambucus nigra O
Goatsbeard Tragopogon pratensis R
Great Willowherb Epilobium hirsutum O
Greater Plantain Plantago major O
Ground Ivy Glechoma hederecea O
Hawthorn Crataegus monogyna O
Hedge Bindweed Calystegia sepium O
Herb Bennet Geum urbanum O
Hogweed Heracleum sphondylium F
Lesser Celandine Ficaria verna F
Meadow Buttercup Ranunculus acris F
Meadow Foxtail Grass Alopecurus pratensis F
Meadow Vetchling Lathyrus pratensis O
Mistletoe Viscum album R
Perennial Rye Grass Lolium prenne O
Red Clover Trifolium pratense F
Ribwort Plantain Plantago lanceolata F
Salad Burnet Poterium Sanguisorba O
Sweet Vernal Grass Anthoxanthum odoratum F
Thyme-leaved Speedwell Veronica serpyllifolia O
White Dead-nettle Lamium album O
Wild Clematis Clematis vitalba R
Wild Gooseberry Ribes uva-crispa R
Wood Dock Rumex sanguineus O
Yarrow Achillea millefolium F
Yarrow Achillea millefolium O
Yellow Rattle Rhinanthus minor F
Yorkshire-fog Holcus lanatus O

RC 14/15/21/22/23
Common Name Scientific Name Status

Beaked Hawk’s-beard Crepis vesicaria F
Blackthorn Prunus spinosa O
Bramble Rubus fruticosus agg. O
Broad Dock Rumex obtusifolius O
Bulbous Buttercup Ranunculus bulbosus F
Chalk Fragrant Orchid Gymnadenia conopsea R
Cleavers Galium aparine O
Cock’s-foot Dactylis glomerata O
Common Bird’s-foot-trefoil Lotus corniculatus O
Common Knapweed Centaurea nigra F
Common Mouse-ear Cerastium fontanum F
Common Nettle Urtica dioica O
Common Sorrel Rumex acetosa F
Common Vetch Vicia sativa F
Cow Parsley Anthriscus sylvestris F
Cowslip Primula veris F
Creeping Buttercup Ranunculus repens O
Creeping Thistle Cirsium arvense O
Crow Garlic Allium vineale O
Cuckoo Flower Cardamine pratensis F
Curled Dock Rumex crispus O
Daisy Bellis perennis O
Dandelion Taraxacum agg. F
Field Woodrush Luzula campestre O
Germander Speedwell Veronica chamaedrys F
Greater Plantain Plantago major O
Hedge Woundwort Stachys sylvatica O
Hogweed Heracleum sphondylium F
Imperforate St Johns Wort Hypericum maculatum R
Lesser Burdock Arctium minus O
Meadow Buttercup Ranunculus acris O
Meadow Foxtail Grass Alopecurus pratensis F
Meadow Vetchling Lathyrus pratensis F
Red Clover Trifolium pratense F
Ribwort Plantain Plantago lanceolata F
Salad Burnet Sanguisorba minor R
Slender Speedwell Veronica filiformis O
Soft Brome Bromus hordeaceus O
Spring Sedge Carex caryophyllea O
Sweet Vernal Grass Anthoxanthum odoratum F
Thyme-leaved Speedwell Veronica serpyllifolia F
White Dead-nettle Lamium album O
Wild Marjoram Origanum vulgare O
Wood Dock Rumex sanguineus O
Yarrow Achillea millefolium F
Yellow Rattle Rhinanthus minor C
Yorkshire-fog Holcus lanatus O
RC 17
Common Name Scientific Name Status

Cleavers Galium aparine O
Common Ivy Hedera helix F
Common Nettle Urtica dioica F
Cow Parsley Anthriscus sylvestris F
Dandelion Taraxacum agg. O
Elder Sambucus nigra O
Field Maple Acer campestris F
Herb Bennet Geum urbanum F
Hogweed Heracleum sphondylium O
Lesser Burdock Arctium minus O
Meadow Foxtail Grass Alopecurus pratensis F
Meadow Vetchling Lathyrus pratensis F



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